What is GSTR 1?

What is GSTR 1?
GSTR-1 is a monthly or quarterly return that should be filed by every registered dealer. It contains details of all outward supplies i.e sales. The return has a total of 13 sections.

Who should file GSTR-1?
Every registered person is required to file GSTR-1 irrespective of whether there are any transactions during the month or not.

The following registered persons are exempt from filing the return:

Input Service Distributors
Composition Dealers
Suppliers of online information and database access or retrieval services (OIDAR), who have to pay tax themselves (as per Section 14 of the IGST Act)
Non-resident taxable person
Taxpayer liable to collect TCS
Taxpayer liable to deduct TDS

When is GSTR-1 due?

The due dates for GSTR-1 are based on your turnover.

Businesses with sales of upto Rs. 1.5 crore will file quarterly returns. Other taxpayers with sales above Rs. 1.5 crore have to file monthly return. Annual Turnover up to Rs 1.5 crore can opt for quarterly filing

Quarter Due date:

Oct-Dec 31st January
Jan- Mar 2019 30th April

Monthly GST Return

Annual Turnover of more than Rs 1.5 crore must file monthly

Period Dates
December 11th January
January 11th February
February 11th March
March 11th April
How to revise GSTR-1?
Return once filed cannot be revised. Any mistake made in the return can be rectified in the next periods (month/quarter) return.

It means that if a mistake is made in September GSTR-1, rectification for the same can be made in October’s GSTR-1.

e. Late Fees and Penalty

Late Fees for not filing GSTR-1 is Rs. 200 per day of delay (Rs. 100 as per CGST Act and Rs. 100 as per SGST Act. The late fees will be charged from the date after the due date.

Latest Update: The late fees have been reduced to Rs. 50 per day and Rs 20 per day (for nil return)

General queries on GSTR-1

Should I file GSTR-1 even if there are no sales in a month?
Yes, filing GSTR 1 is mandatory. If your total sales for a year is less than Rs 1.5 crore you need to file the return on a quarterly basis

Can I upload invoice only while filing the return?
You can upload invoices anytime. It is highly advised that you upload invoices at regular intervals during the month to avoid bulk upload at the time of filing return. This is because bulk upload takes a lot of time.

Can I change a bill uploaded on GST?
After uploading bills you can make changes multiple times. There is no restriction on changing invoices after uploading them. But you can change an invoice only before submitting a return. Once submitted the numbers are frozen.

Should I file GSTR-1 even after filing GSTR-3B?
GSTR-3B is a simple return to be filed by traders on a monthly basis only till March 2018. You still need to file the return on a monthly or a quarterly basis.

I have opted for composition scheme. Should I file GSTR-1?
GSTR-1 should not be filed by you. GSTR-4 on a quarterly basis has to be filed by a taxpayer opting for composition scheme.

Should I make GST payment after filing GSTR-1?
GSTR-1 is a return where details of sales are filed with the government. No tax has to be paid after filing this return. The tax has to be paid at the time of filing GSTR-3B (notified for months until March 2019).

I filed GSTR-1 for July 2017. My annual sales are below Rs. 1.5 lakh. Should I file a quarterly or monthly return?
You need to file a quarterly return. Also since July return is already filed you should omit July sales from your return.

Can amendments be made to details already filed in GSTR-1? If yes, then what will be the filing period to make amendments?
Yes, you can make amendments to an already filed GSTR-1 of a particular tax period by declaring the amended details in the return

For example: Mr. X of Kerala has sold goods to Mr. Y of Karnataka for INR 1,00,000 on 30th August 2017 and declared in the GSTR-1 of August 2017.

Now he realised that he made a mistake in the date of invoice, so he can make an amended invoice with correct invoice date i.e. 16th August 2017

This amended invoice can be shown in the GSTR 1 of September 2017

What should the ‘Revised date’ be in the amended invoice?
The ‘Revised date’ to be mentioned in an amended invoice must be not later than the last date of the original invoice tax period.

For example, if an original invoice dated 12/07/2019 is being amended in August then the revised invoice date cannot be later than 31/07/2019

Where should one file the GSTR 1 return?
GSTR 1 has to be filed on the GST portal ( ). The government has provided an offline utility to fill the GSTR 1 return and upload it on the GST portal.

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