Public Provident Fund (PPF):
Being a long-term scheme backed by the government, PPF investments are not only beneficial for tax saving, but also guarantee returns. Despite these investments having a lock-in period of 15 years, premature withdrawals are allowed after 7 years. Both salaried and non-salaried Indian residents can apply for this scheme. Not only do you interest, but the interest is also tax-free. Furthermore, investing is made easy with a minimum investment of Rs.500 and a maximum limit of Rs.1.5 lakh.
Employee Provident Fund (EPF):
Salaried employees can invest in their retirement while saving taxes with an EPF. This investment is hassle-free as your employee automatically deducts 12% of your basic salary apart from Dearness Allowance while contributing the same amount from their end towards your provident fund account each month.
Fixed Deposit (FD):
Investing in a Fixed Deposit can help you earn guaranteed returns. Not only can you claim Fixed Deposit tax exemption under Section 80C of Income Tax Act, you can also take a loan against your Fixed Deposit when in need.
National Pension System (NPS):
This investment was started by the government for all individuals between 18–60 years of age to plan finances for retirement. This scheme also permits partial withdrawal after 15 years in special circumstances. There is no limit on the maximum contributions towards this scheme and the employer’s contributions are tax-free. You can invest and claim tax deductions on the same on an amount up to Rs.1.5 lakh under Section 80C.
Unit Linked Insurance Plans (ULIP):
This investment scheme is eligible for tax deductions up to Rs.1.5 lakh under Section 80C. The investment is based on a mixed balance of insurances and investments in the stock market. You can buy ULIP for yourself, your spouse, or even your child. While there is no limit on the maximum contribution amount towards this scheme, it is important to remember the return varies as per market conditions.
You can now save on taxes while investing in a Life Insurance and you can do so under Section 80C of Income Tax Act. Furthermore, you can do this for not only yourself but your spouse and child too. You can also claim premiums paid for any family member beyond your spouse and child if you are an HUF (Hindu Undivided Family). It is essential to check if the insurance provider is listed under IRDAI (Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India).
Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana:
This scheme was specially crafted by the government to create benefits for the girl child in India. You can open this account for your daughter before she reaches 10 years of age. If you are a guardian of the girl child you can still do the same. The maximum investment limit in a financial year is Rs.1.5 lakh. The invested amount along with its maturity amount and withdrawals are all tax-exempt. In addition to this you can withdraw up to 50% of the amount once the girl child reaches 18 years of age.
So choose your investments wisely and save tax under Section 80C.